Ayurveda is the science of life and well-being. The oldest documented body of holistic medical knowledge, it is a system of plant oils and herbs originating in India over 6,000 years ago. Ayurveda was codified into a text called
the Charaka Samhita by the legendary physician Charaka in the 2nd Century BC. The Charaka Samhita travelled with traders and scholars to China, Egypt, Arabia and Europe, influencing and laying the ground-work for plant-based
healing all over the world. After centuries of testing, Ayurvedic science has proven effective, alleviating concerns about side effects. Ayurvedic treatments satisfy every aspect of a persons well being-physical,mental
The human race has been in pursuit of remedies for its ailments since times immemorial. Various branches of science have come to its rescue in the form of medicines. Modern medicine has contributed towards the eradication of a number of diseases, especially those of infectious origin. However, inspite of rapid strides made in this field, there are a number of diseases for which a cure has to be found. In search of cure as well as safety of the medicines, the whole world has now started to look back towards an age old dependable Indian system of medicine, Ayurveda.
The Sanskrit word Ayurveda literally means science of life. This science covers not only the knowledge of life but also talks about healthy life and longevity. It basically relates the life of an individual with the universe. It gives the detailed account of beneficial and adverse influences leading to health and disease in life and their respective helpful and harmful measures. To realise good health it is important to know the human body. Ayurvedic philosophy talks about the composition of human body which is believed to five basic elements or Panchamhabhutas viz. Prithvi (earth), Aap(water), Teja(fire), Vayu (air) and Akash(ether), from which the whole universe is also composed of. The combination of earth and water gives rise to Kapha, fire and water to Pitta, and air and ether to Vata dosha; which form the basic constitution (Prakriti) of each individual is genetically different and these constitutions remain unchanged throughout life. The balance of Tridoshas is achieved with the help of the natural resources like plants, marine substances, animals and minerals, in the form of medicines.
Ayurveda has originated, in India, from the vedic period. Four main Vedas e.g. Rigveda, Yajurveda, Samaveda and Atharvaveda are the ancient collections of wisdom and sacrificial ritual. Most of the vedic healing verses occur in Atharvaveda. Ayurveda is the upaveda or an accessory veda to the atharvaveda. The majority of medicines mentioned in Ayurveda are plant based. Ayurveda, with its vast pharmacopoeia, is one of the greatest gifts of ancient Indian sages to mankind. Originating from men of great vision, the knowledge of herbs was refined over thousands of years of experience. It was committed to memory and then handed down orally from preceptors to disciples for centuries, before it was finally written down.
Today, in the search for more complete healing and harmonious well-being, the holistic wisdom of Ayurveda is gaining international popularity as an alternative and a complement to modern allopathic medicine.